Convention on the Rights of the Child
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  • Article 36: Other forms of exploitation

    The right of the child to be protected against all other forms of exploitation prejudicial to any aspects of the child’s welfare.

  • Article 37: Definition and punishment

    No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment without possibility of release shall be imposed for offences committed by persons below eighteen years of age. No child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily and shall have the right to maintain contact with his or her family.

  • Article 22: Refugee children

    States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure that a refugee child shall receive appropriate protection and humanitarian assistance in the enjoyment of applicable rights set forth in the present Convention.

  • Article 1 :   Meaning of the Child

    A child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.

  • Article 9: Separation from parents

    States Parties shall ensure that a child shall not be separated from his or her parents, that such separation is necessary for the best interests of the child, and respect the right of the child to maintain contact with both parents on a regular basis

  • Article 20: Children deprived of family environment

    Special protection and assistance must be provided by the State to ensure the alternative care for such a child taking into consideration the child’s upbringing and to the child’s ethnic, religious, cultural and linguistic background.

  • Article 24: Health and health services

    The right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to facilities for the treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health. To diminish infant and child mortality, and ensure the provision of necessary medical assistance and health care to all children, to combat malnutrition and the appropriate health care for mothers.

  • Article 38: War and armed conflicts

    States Parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not attained the age of fifteen years do not take a direct part in, and to ensure protection and care of children who are affected by an armed conflict.

  • Article 31: Leisure, play, and culture

    The right of the child to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational and cultural activities.

  • Article 5: Parental guidance

    States Parties shall respect the responsibilities and rights of parents and the extended family to provide direction in the exercise by the child of the rights recognized in the present Convention and what is applicable with his or her capabilities.

  • Article 28: Right to education

    The right of the child to education, by making primary education compulsory and available free to all, encourage the development of different forms of secondary education, the access of higher education all on the basis of his or her capacity, and to ensure that school discipline is administered in a manner consistent with the child’s human dignity.

  • Article 12: Respect for the views of the child

    States Parties shall assure to the child who is capable of forming his or her own views related to his or her interests including the judicial or administrative measures

  • Article 27: Adequate standard of living

    The right of every child to a standard of living adequate for the child’s physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development. The parent(s) for the child have the primary responsibility to secure the conditions of living necessary for the child’s development, and States Parties shall take the financial responsibility for the child, both within the State Party and from abroad. In particular, where the person having financial responsibility for the child lives in a State different from that of the child, States Parties shall promote the accession to international agreements or the conclusion of such agreements, as well as the making of other appropriate arrangements.

  • Article 35: Abduction, sale and trafficking

    The right of the child to prevented from the abduction, the sale of or traffic in children for any purpose or in any form.

  • Article 15: Freedom of association

    The right of the child to freedom of association and restrictions may be placed on the exercise of these rights other than those imposed in conformity with the law and which are necessary in the interests of national security or public safety.

  • Article 26: Social security

    The right of the child to benefit from social security, including social insurance.

  • Article 21: Adoption

    States Parties that recognize and/or permit the system of adoption shall ensure that the best interests of the adopted child.

  • Article 7: Registration, name, nationality, care

    The child shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents.

  • Article 10: Family reunification

    The right of child and his or her parents to enter or leave a State Party for the purpose of family reunification.

  • Article 34: Sexual exploitation

    The right of the child to be protected from all forms of sexual exploitation.

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