Article 6: Survival and development
Every child has the inherent right to life and States Parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child.
Article 30: Children of minorities/indigenous groups
Child of minorities/indigenous groups has the right to enjoy his or her own culture, practice his or her own religion, and to use his or her own language.
Article 37: Definition and punishment
No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment without possibility of release shall be imposed for offences committed by persons below eighteen years of age. No child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily and shall have the right to maintain contact with his or her family.
Article 20: Children deprived of family environment
Special protection and assistance must be provided by the State to ensure the alternative care for such a child taking into consideration the child’s upbringing and to the child’s ethnic, religious, cultural and linguistic background.
Article 42: Knowledge of rights
States Parties undertake to make the principles and provision of the Convention widely known, by appropriate and active means, to adults and children alike.
Article 16: Right to privacy
No child shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his or her privacy, family, or correspondence, or to unlawful attacks on his or her honour and reputation.
Article 40: Juvenile justice
The right of every child alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having infringed the penal law to be treated in a manner consistent with the promotion of the child’s sense of dignity and worth, which reinforces the child’s respect for the human rights taking into account the child’s age and the desirability of promoting the child’s reintegration in society and providing vocational training programmes and institutional care.
Article 34: Sexual exploitation
The right of the child to be protected from all forms of sexual exploitation.
Article 32: Child labour
The right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical development.
Article 13: Freedom of expression
The child shall have the right to freedom of expression of all kinds, ask for information, acquire and disseminate them with the laws.
Article 31: Leisure, play, and culture
The right of the child to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational and cultural activities.
Article 23: Children with disabilities
The disabled child has the right to special care and to enjoy a full and decent life and facilitate the child’s active participation in the community.
Article 15: Freedom of association
The right of the child to freedom of association and restrictions may be placed on the exercise of these rights other than those imposed in conformity with the law and which are necessary in the interests of national security or public safety.
Article 7: Registration, name, nationality, care
The child shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents.
Article 4: Protection of rights
States Parties shall undertake all appropriate legislative, administrative, and other measures for the implementation of the rights recognized in the present Convention to the maximum extent of their available resources.
Article 19: Protection from all forms of violence
States Parties shall provide the protection for the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse. And provide the necessary support programmes.
Article 3 : Best Interests of the child
All actions concerning child and the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration.
States Parties must undertake to ensure the child such protection and the necessary care as is necessary for his or her well-being in case of absence of the parents’ care.
Article 24: Health and health services
The right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to facilities for the treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health. To diminish infant and child mortality, and ensure the provision of necessary medical assistance and health care to all children, to combat malnutrition and the appropriate health care for mothers.
Article 33: Drug abuse
The right to protection of children from the illicit use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and to prevent the use of children in the illicit production and trafficking of such substances
Article 22: Refugee children
States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure that a refugee child shall receive appropriate protection and humanitarian assistance in the enjoyment of applicable rights set forth in the present Convention.
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